Ruthenium-Decorated Lipid Vesicles: Light-Induced Release of [Ru(terpy)(bpy)(OH2)](2+) and Thermal Back Coordination

TitleRuthenium-Decorated Lipid Vesicles: Light-Induced Release of [Ru(terpy)(bpy)(OH2)](2+) and Thermal Back Coordination
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsBonnet, S., B. Limburg, J.D. Meeldijk, R.J.M.K. Gebbink, J.A. Killian
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Date PublishedJan 19
ISBN Number0002-7863
Accession NumberWOS:000286544900019
Keywordsaqueous-solution, drug-delivery, ligand-l, liposomes, membranes, molecular machine prototypes, photochemical expulsion, photodynamic therapy, photosubstitution reactions, polypyridine complexes

Electrostatic forces play an important role in the interaction between large transition metal complexes and lipid bilayers. In this work, a thioether-cholestanol hybrid ligand (4) was synthesized, which coordinates to ruthenium(II) via its sulfur atom and intercalates into lipid bilayers via its apolar tail. By mixing its ruthenium complex [Ru(terpy)(bpy)(4)](2+) (terpy = 2,2';6',2 ''-terpyridine; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) with either the negatively charged lipid dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) or with the zwitterionic lipid dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC), large unilamellar vesicles decorated with ruthenium polypyridyl complexes are formed. Upon visible light irradiation the ruthenium-sulfur coordination bond is selectively broken, releasing the ruthenium fragment as the free aqua complex [Ru(terpy)(bpy)(OH2)](2+). The photochemical quantum yield under blue light irradiation (452 nm) is 0.0074(8) for DMPG vesicles and 0.0073(8) for DMPC vesicles (at 25 degrees C), which is not significantly different from similar homogeneous systems. Dynamic light scattering and cryo-TEM pictures show that the size and shape of the vesicles are not perturbed by light irradiation. Depending on the charge of the lipids, the cationic aqua complex either strongly interacts with the membrane (DMPG) or diffuses away from it (DMPC). Back coordination of [Ru(terpy)(bpy)(OH2)](2+) to the thioether-decorated vesicles takes place only at DMPG bilayers with high ligand concentrations (25 mol %) and elevated temperatures (70 degrees C). During this process, partial vesicle fusion was also observed. We discuss the potential of such ruthenium-decorated vesicles in the context of light-controlled molecular motion and light-triggered drug delivery.

Alternate JournalJ Am Chem SocJ Am Chem Soc

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